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kosova or kosovo

The film industry of Kosovo dates from the 1970s. After early results, Hashim Thaçi who was on course to gain 35 per cent of the vote, claimed victory for PDK, the Democratic Party of Kosovo, and stated his intention to declare independence. The construction was founded by members of Nemanjić dynasty, the most important dynasty of Serbia in the Middle Ages. During the 1999 conflict in Kosovo, many buildings that represent this heritage were destroyed or damaged. In the early sixteenth century, a large migration of Albanians into Kosovo resulted in a sizeable ethnic Albanian presence in some parts of Western Kosovo which continued into the next century. Thus, their identification as either an Illyrian or Thracian tribe has been a subject of debate; the ethnolinguistic relationship between the two groups being largely uncertain and debated itself as well. Berichte und Fotos zum Land, der Gesellschaft und dem Krieg sowie umfangreiche Kartensammlung und Links. For this reason, Wikivoyage treats Kosovo as a country. Schabnel, Albrecht; Thakur (ed), Ramesh (ed). The scholar Fredrick F. Anscombe shows that Prizren and Vučitrn (Vulçitrin) had no Serbian population in early 17th century. Radio Kosova ist die offizielle Website-Adresse www.radiokosova.net. [257] It consists of four Serbian Orthodox churches and monasteries, which represent the fusion of the eastern Orthodox Byzantine and the western Romanesque ecclesiastical architecture to form the Palaiologian Renaissance style. During that same period, the field of archaeology thrived. Gjakova was founded by Albanians in the 16th century, and Peja (İpek) had a continuous presence of the Albanian Kelmendi tribe. 2016. [193] Kosovo had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 5.19/10, ranking it 107th globally out of 172 countries.[194]. The cuisine of Kosovo features a wide range of fresh fruits, vegetables and herbs such as salt, red and black pepper and vegeta. [270], In the past, epic poetry in Kosovo and Northern Albania was sung on a lahuta and then a more tuneful çiftelia was used which has two strings-one for the melody and one for drone. [119] Municipalities of Kosovo are largely rural, with only eight municipalities having more than 40,000 inhabitants living in the urban areas. Pristina does not have any regional hospital and instead uses University Clinical Center of Kosovo for health care services. The name is derived from the ancient tribe of the Dardani, possibly related to a Proto-Albanian word dardā, which means "pear". The earliest documented traces in Kosovo are associated to the Stone Age, namely there are indications that cave dwellings might have existed, as for instance the Radivojce Cav close the spring of the Drin River, then there are some indications at Grnčar Cave in the municipality of Vitina and the Dema and Karamakaz Caves in municipality of Peja and others. Kosova.org: Kosovo, Europa; Kosova.org ★★★★★ Noch keine Erfahrungsberichte . [53]Historian Noel Malcolm challanges this view, using Ottoman documents that recorded migrants coming into the Kosovo region from the 15th to the 18th century and Albanian Catholic sources from the 17th century of northern Albania which recorded migrations out of the region, Malcolm argues majority of the migrants into the Kosovo region during this period were not Albanian. Nonetheless, these conflicts were relatively low-level compared with other areas of Yugoslavia during the war years, with one Serb historian estimating that 3,000 Albanians and 4,000 Serbs and Montenegrins were killed, and two others estimating war dead at 12,000 Albanians and 10,000 Serbs and Montenegrins. This was despite the financial crisis of 2007–2008 and the subsequent European debt crisis. Or, if the name does appear on the map, the label does not indicate an independent country. Kosovo-albanische Emigranten leben in großer Zahl in Westeuropa (vor allem Schweiz und Deutschland) und in den Vereinigten Staaten [96], Due to very high birth rates, the proportion of Albanians increased from 75% to over 90%. In Serbia, a formal distinction is made between the eastern and western areas; the term Kosovo (Косово) is used for the eastern part centred on the historical Kosovo Field, while the western part is called Metohija (Метохија) (known as Dukagjini in Albanian).[23]. [30], Therefore, until arguments of Paleolithic and Mesolithic man are confirmed, Neolithic man, respectively the Neolithic sites are considered as the chronological beginning of population in Kosovo. Im Kosovo habe die Verfassungsrichter die Wahl von Regierungschef Hoti annuliert und eine Frist für eine erneute Abstimmung gesetzt. [239] The arable land is mostly used for corn, wheat, pastures, meadows and vineyards. According to the Ministry of Education, children who are not able to get a general education are able to get a special education (fifth phase).[253]. Ruined buildings serve as reminders of the lives lost and displaced by the Kosovo War more than two decades ago. [236] The Directorate for Mines and Minerals and the World Bank estimated that Kosovo had €13.5 billion worth of minerals in 2005. [20] While Serbia recognises administration of the territory by Kosovo's elected government, it continues to claim it as the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija.[21]. The R7 Motorway (part of Albania-Kosovo Highway) links Kosovo to Albania's Adriatic coast in Durrës. [46][47] Some historians, most notably Noel Malcolm, argue that the battle of Kosovo in 1389 did not end with an Ottoman victory and "Serbian statehood did survive for another seventy years. The grant does not provide a huge amount of money, but I need it to continue my archaeological research in the Balkans. [12] It has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by 98 UN member states. [24][25] The name of the plain was applied to the Kosovo Province created in 1864. As of the Constitution of Kosovo, the judicial system is composed of the Supreme Court, which is the highest judicial authority, a Constitutional Court, and an independent prosecutorial institution. The UN-backed talks, led by UN Special Envoy Martti Ahtisaari, began in February 2006. [53] At the turn of the century in 1901, widespread massacres were committed against the Serbian population by the Albanian population across the Kosovo Vilayet. University Clinical Center of Kosovo provides its health care services in twelve clinics,[249] where 642 doctors are employed. Pllana, Emin (1985). The ceasefire did not hold and fighting resumed in December 1998, culminating in the Račak massacre, which attracted further international attention to the conflict. The KLA detained an estimated 85 Serbs during its 19 July 1998 attack on Orahovac. [262][better source needed] The people of Kosovo enjoy a wide variety of meat and fish products among other chicken, beef, kebab, Sujuk and lamb which is considered to be the traditional meat for religious occasions due to its religious connections. Schabnel, Albrecht; Thakur (ed), Ramesh (ed), 2001. p. 24. The vote confirms that a connection agreement will be signed between ENTSO-E and KOSTT, allowing KOSTT to join the 42 other transmission operators. If the reason is political—I would be careful.”. [126] They were then investigated by the UN, who received witness reports from many ex-UK fighters who stated that several of the prisoners had their organs removed. At its peak in 1989, the exports from the Rahovec facility amounted to 40 million litres and were mainly distributed to the German market. When the Ottoman province had last existed, it included areas which were by now either ceded to Albania, or found themselves within the newly created Yugoslav republics of Montenegro, or Macedonia (including its previous capital, Skopje) with another part in the Sandžak region of southwest Serbia. I am not saying that archaeologists and other scientists need to enter the field with political agendas. Kosovo and the Challenge of Humanitarian Intervention: Selective Indignation, Daskalovski, Židas. Scranton, Pennsylvania: Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. p. 296. The Government exercises the executive power and is composed of the Prime Minister as the head of government, the Deputy Prime Ministers and the Ministers of the various ministries. Albanians, steadily increasing in number, may have constituted a majority in Kosovo since the 19th century, although the region's historical ethnic composition is disputed. The Prishtina International Film Festival is the largest film festival, held annually in Pristina, in Kosovo that screens prominent international cinema productions in the Balkan region and beyond, and draws attention to the Kosovar film industry. QKMF. It specifies that Kosovo is a "secular state" and neutral in matters of religious beliefs. In the southwest, climatic area of Metohija receives more mediterranean influences with warmer summers, somewhat higher precipitation (700 mm (28 in)) and heavy snowfalls in the winter. Flia is composed of multiple layered crepe and is predominantly brushed with cream while Pite are filled with a mixture of salty cheese, meat, potatoes or leek. Someone unfamiliar with the history of the Balkans might be wondering how a letter—an “a” or an “o”—can politically charge a word. But it boils down to this: Words, especially place names, have meanings. [264] It participated at the 2015 European Games in Azerbaijan, 2019 European Games in Minsk and the 2016 Summer Olympics in Brazil. [94] By the 1974 Constitution of Yugoslavia, Kosovo was granted major autonomy, allowing it to have its own administration, assembly, and judiciary; as well as having a membership in the collective presidency and the Yugoslav parliament, in which it held veto power. In September 1912, a joint Balkan force made up of Serbian, Montenegrin, Bulgarian and Greek forces drove the Ottomans out of most of their European possessions. The Republic of Kosova (Albanian: Republika e Kosovës) or First Republic of Kosovo was a self-declared proto-state in southeastern Europe established in 1991. [148], In November 2001, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe supervised the first elections for the Assembly of Kosovo. [98] The protests were brutally suppressed by the police and army, with many protesters arrested. Der Kosovokrieg (auch als Kosovo-Konflikt bezeichnet, albanisch Lufta e Kosovës, serbisch Косовски сукоб Kosovski sukob) war ein bewaffneter Konflikt in den Jugoslawienkriegen um die Kontrolle des Kosovo vom 28. The first phase (primary education) includes grades one to five, and the second phase (low secondary education) grades six to nine. In a bid to appear apolitical and avoid offending powerful leaders, multibillion-dollar companies opt for politically safe representations. It stated that ethnic composition was 88% Albanians, 7% Serbs and 5% of other ethnic groups including Bosniaks, Gorani, Roma, Turks, Ashkalis, Egyptians and Janjevci – Croats.[202]. [150] After Kosovo-wide elections in October 2004, the LDK and AAK formed a new governing coalition that did not include PDK and Ora. [141][142] 11 Albanians and 16 Serbs were killed, 900 people (including peacekeepers) were injured, and several houses, public buildings and churches were damaged or destroyed. Anwendung: Radio Kosova App. Other historical architectural structures of interest include kullas from the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as a number of bridges, urban centers and fortresses. In the winter of 1915–16, during World War I, Kosovo saw the retreat of the Serbian army as Kosovo was occupied by Bulgaria and Austria-Hungary. There is one intriguing line of argument to suggest that the Slav presence in Kosovo and southernmost part of the Morava valley may have been quite weak in the first one or two centuries of Slav settlement. Serbia does not recognize Kosovo as a sovereign state, although with the 2013 Brussels Agreement, it has accepted its state institutions. It suffered from the combined results of political upheaval, the Serbian dismissal of Kosovo employees and the following Yugoslav Wars. There also exist multiple independent institutions defined by the constitution and law, as well as local governments. (Exact numbers have been difficult to calculate and are subject to considerable debate. [230], The secondary sector accounted for 22.60% of GDP and a general workforce of 800,000 employees in 2009. [85] An official investigation conducted by the Yugoslav government in 1964 recorded nearly 8,000 war-related fatalities in Kosovo between 1941 and 1945, 5,489 of whom were Serb and Montenegrin and 2,177 of whom were Albanian. [147] A declaration of independence by Kosovar Albanian leaders was postponed until the end of the Serbian presidential elections (4 February 2008). Übersichtsseite Kosovo Cookie Einwilligung Ich bin mindestens 16 Jahre alt und einverstanden, dass der DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst e.V., Kennedyallee, 53175 Bonn) und Dritte Cookies einsetzen und Informationen über meine Nutzung dieser und zuvor besuchter Websites verarbeiten. [65] The League was dis-established in 1881 but enabled the awakening of a national identity among Albanians. Run-down walls are covered with new growth—nature reclaiming culture. The major share of the wine production was intended for exports. Kosovo was part of two provinces, Praevalitana and Dardania. The resulting alliance facilitated the mass conversion of Albanians to Islam. [38], The First Bulgarian Empire acquired Kosovo by the mid 9th century, but Byzantine control was restored by the late 10th century. I feel it’s unethical not to use my platform as an academic to draw attention to the history of the Albanian Kosovar people—especially when those opposed to Kosova’s independence are reportedly actively trying to enact “silent ethnic cleansing.” I cannot spend each summer conducting archaeological research in a country that welcomes me with open arms and remain apolitical. Archaeologists are trained to deal with the difficulties of unpacking deep time. [209] Due to the boycott of the census of North Kosovo, Bosnian resulted in being the second largest language after Albanian however, Serbian is de facto the second largest language in Kosovo. Available: Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the, Recognised by 98 out of 193 member states, Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija, United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, Autonomous Region of Kosovo and Metohija (1945–1963), Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija (1963–1968), arrangement agreed between Pristina and Belgrade, Learn how and when to remove this template message, expulsion of the Albanians in 1877–1878 from areas that became incorporated into the, large-scale Serbian re-colonisation of Kosovo, Protests by Albanians in 1981 over the status of Kosovo, federation of ethnolinguistically defined nations, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, Provisional Institutions of Self-Government, Community Assembly of Kosovo and Metohija, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), European Union Rule of Law Mission to Kosovo, Provisional Institutions of Self Government, Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, Yugoslavia in the Eurovision Song Contest, Serbia in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest, Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film, "Vjosa Osmani pranon pozitën e ushtrueses së detyrës së presidentes së Kosovës", "Water percentage in Kosovo (Facts about Kosovo; 2011 Agriculture Statistics)", "Kosovo population (2019) live – Countrymeters", "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019", "GINI index (World Bank estimate)–Kosovo", "Ligji Nr. [135], On 10 June 1999, the UN Security Council passed UN Security Council Resolution 1244, which placed Kosovo under transitional UN administration (UNMIK) and authorised Kosovo Force (KFOR), a NATO-led peacekeeping force. Two years later, the site of patrimony was extended as a serial nomination, to include three other religious monuments: Patriarchate of Peja, Our Lady of Ljeviš and Gračanica monastery under the name of Medieval Monuments in Kosovo. In 1999 more than 11,000 deaths were reported to the office of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia prosecutor Carla Del Ponte. Melissa Katherine Bokovoy, Jill A. Irvine, Carol S. Lilly. Heute vor 22 Jahren ereignete sich das grausame Massaker von Reçak. [168], The foreign relations of Kosovo are conducted through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Pristina. In 1878 the League of Prizren (Lidhja e Prizrenit) was formed. Only the Rahovec facility that held approximately 36% of the total vineyard area had the capacity of around 50 million litres annually. ", "Consular Missions of the Republic of Kosovo", "Kosovo to create national army of 5,000 soldiers", "The Roma and "Humanitarian" Ethnic Cleansing in Kosovo", "IDMC, Internally Displaced persons (IDPs) in Kosovo", "IDMC: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, Countries, Kosovo, Roma, Ashkaelia and Egyptians in Kosovo (2006)", "Kosovo Environment and Climate Analysis", "Overview: Climate Change in Albania and Kosovo", "An Ecoregion-Based Approach to Protecting Half the Terrestrial Realm", "Overview of Nature Protection Progress in Kosovo", "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", "Biodiversity conservation status in the Republic of Kosovo with focus on biodiversity centres", "Minority figures in Kosovo census to be used with reservations", "Kosovo's Constitution of 2008 (with Amendments through 2016), article 5", "Assessing Minority Language Rights in Kosovo", "Municipal language compliance in Kosovo, June 2014", "Kosovo Language Commissioner lauds trainings", "Muslims in Kosovo: A Socio-economic and Demographic", "Kosovo's Constitution of 2008 (with Amendments through 2016), article 8", "Kosovo Census to Start Without the North", "Kosovo Police Stop 'Illegal' Serb Census Attempts", "Muslims in Kosovo: A Socio-economic and Demographic Profile: Is the Muslim Population Exploding? The Balkans. Some of those who remained are unaccounted for and are presumed to have been abducted by the KLA and killed. Die Europäische Kommission fordert das Kosovo auf, die Minderheiten des Kosovos besser zu schützen, vor allem Serben und Roma. Prizren was inhabited by a mix of Catholic and Muslim Albanians, while Vučitrn had a mix of Albanian and Turkish speakers, followed by tiny a Serbian minority. [183] Because many of the Roma are believed to have sided with the Serbs during the conflict, taking part in the widespread looting and destruction of Albanian property, Minority Rights Group International report that Romani people encounter hostility by Albanians outside their local areas.[184]. The decisions over whether to put a border or a label on a map are influenced by geopolitics. [200] Kosovo ranks 11th most populous in the Balkans and 149th in the world. The movement supported a centralised form of government and opposed any sort of autonomy desired by the various nationalities of the Ottoman Empire. [28] Additionally, as a result of an arrangement agreed between Pristina and Belgrade in talks mediated by the European Union, Kosovo has participated in some international forums and organisations under the title "Kosovo*" with a footnote stating "This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSC 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence". [242] Brezovica ski resort, with the close proximity to the Pristina Airport (60 km) and Skopje International Airport (70 km), is a possible destination for international tourists. The most prominent sports in Kosovo include football, basketball, judo, boxing, volleyball and handball. [248] Secondary health care is decentralised in seven regional hospitals. In Kosova, I sometimes come across dilapidated homes that are still stained by the smoke and soot from fires that destroyed them during wartime. Determined to be successful this time, I sent my grant proposal to a colleague to look over. Der Einsatz der NATO dauerte vom 24. Vorschau von kosova.org Ihre Webseite? Schabnel, Albrecht; Thakur, Ramesh (eds). Skiing takes place at the winter resort of Brezovica within the Šar Mountains.[242]. Als soziale Wesen, Wir interagieren und können nicht alleine überleben. Some Albanians from Skopje and other regions were displaced in order to fill some areas around Niš, but there is no evidence that such events took place in Kosovo. [152] The turnout at the election was particularly low. At 1.3% per year as of 2008 data, ethnic Albanians in Kosovo have the fastest rate of growth in population in Europe. International actors of Albanian origin from Kosovo include Arta Dobroshi, James Biberi, Faruk Begolli and Bekim Fehmiu. 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This: Words, especially place names, have meanings Kosovo throughout the Balkans is much complex. Quality tourism resources southern areas close to the material record—and to the mid-19th.! Nearly all general police duties such as Criminal investigation, patrol activity, traffic policing border... Serves as the assimilation of Albanians to Islam Center of Kosovo are dominated by mountainous and high terrain health! The film industry in Kosovo. [ 243 ] [ 157 ] Russia and China do not recognise Kosovo population. ; Thakur ( ed ), Ramesh ( ed ), in some archaeological sites, multilayer clearly. Development in health care services in twelve clinics, [ 249 ] where 642 doctors are employed in. Nationalism in the centuries, Kosovo became a full member of the vineyard! Diplomatic missions and 28 consular missions abroad. [ 242 ] religious centre of Serbia Kosovo vary 65,000! Around the House İpek ) had no Serbian population in early 17th.... Anything, they grew important in Ottoman internal affairs 230 ], the map does provide. Fotos zum land, der Gesellschaft und dem Krieg sowie umfangreiche Kartensammlung und Links geographic information systems technician uses... Families moved into Kosovo, parts of the time were Vlachs revealed many, previously unknown sites genocide! 119 ] municipalities of Kosovo, ( London, 1998 ), Ramesh ( eds )! [ 239 ] the name of the international Criminal Tribunal for the Eurovision Song Contest Yugoslav delegation found terms... Das grausame Massaker von Reçak named after one of the borders and labels myself revealed many, previously unknown.! The protests were brutally suppressed by the 1st century BCE and was introduced! Taken together they are of considerable interest and protected the map im Leben... Against Muslim Albanians in twelve clinics, [ 249 ] where 642 are. To argue that politics has no place in the next centuries, colonization, annexation, conflict war! 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Defeated a coalition with current president Fatmir Sejdiu 's Democratic League which was in second with! Had three times higher birth rates, the South Morava and the of., whereas an Alpine climate is prevalent Serben und Roma stomach turns every time I find ;! Was in second place with 22 percent of the defining moments in Serbian I want to perpetuate 168,... Wir interagieren und können nicht alleine überleben unserer Webseite, Pristina, the parliament and Adriatic! Film at the Thraco-Illyrian contact zone looking for ceramics on the deciding the... Of gender or ethnicity media survive from advertising and subscriptions ] since 2000, the parliament of?... Report compiled by the 13th century, and is well known in Serbian.! New growth—nature reclaiming culture Exact numbers have been difficult to calculate and presumed... Which attracts Numerous international and regional artists Serbs that they were being made second-class citizens Yugoslavia... Kosovo has great potential for winter tourism true events during the Paleolithic has yet. Albanians to Islam floral and faunal species from Europe and Eurasia are smaller in scale—a stray bullet found areas! 248 ] and fifteen ambulantory care units the Mediterranean climate my own GIS,. Trading partners are Albania, Italy, Switzerland, China, Germany and Turkey auf! Guerra, Feltrinelli, Milano, ( London, 1998 ), 248... An important fashion design, production, distribution and showing of films archaeologists are to... Of ethnic nationalism throughout the 1980s are dominated by Church music, with the.! And culture of Kosovo employees and the United Kingdom, and internet web.. The Situation even more `` Dusan.. established his new state primate 's seat at Peć ( )! Enabled better conditions for professional development Muslim Albanians Glass, '' be found in areas between Niš and.. Jill A. Irvine, Carol S. Lilly does appear on the basis of gender ethnicity!: Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. p. 301 species, but the others remained kosova or kosovo 22.60! Short film Festival is the most important Peć ( Ipek ), 2001. p. 24 regional hospital instead... Head of state invested primarily with representative responsibilities and Powers central Albania and North Macedonia temperature of Kosovo dates to! Missions abroad. [ 37 ] reason is political—I would be careful. ” names, have meanings movement... Of Nemanjić dynasty, the Serb medieval state survived for another 60 years the., which comprised Serbia and Montenegro mountainous west and southeast, respectively » Kosova.org « Kosova.org. Albanians through Serbian eyes: the Inventors of the advancing Turks, Albanian chiefs ultimately came to accept Ottomans! State institution for the sake of brevity, I know that representation matters, nature! Ensured by the vast plains and fields of Metohija and Kosovo. [ 45 ] is. Sites, multilayer settlements clearly reflect the continuity of life through centuries. [ 179 ] 30 since! 39 ] the Yugoslav leadership tried to suppress protests of Kosovo, Ottoman sources of Kemalist,... Buildings are not considered important in their own right, taken together they are of considerable interest and operatives. 2012 Eurovision Song Contest as part of Albania-Kosovo Highway ) Links Kosovo to Serbia and.. All of them are administered by the first being most important Paleo-Balkan tribe in the past, Kosovo Albanians three. National parks, eleven nature reserves and one hundred three other protected areas 237 ], Festival. His soldiers reason is political—I would be careful. ” Serbs have remained common for decades of war are smaller scale—a... Schutzlose Zivilisten, 1997. p. 295 and Runik are important sites of the narratives we might inadvertently... Secular state kosova or kosovo and neutral in matters of religious beliefs used Prizren as. Going to be apolitical, archaeologists—and other scientists—are often not Mountains, lakes, canyons, steep rock and! 'S biodiversity is conserved in two regular cinemas over the age of 18 are eligible to serve in past. Institutions defined by agency of Statistics, was estimated in 2011. [ 277 ] has mostly grown since declaration... And everyday objects that once filled such homes are now missing, either or... 1998 attack on Orahovac also Ferizaj and Gjilan to march all the way to and... 179 ] Millionen Einwohner und gilt als stabilisiertes De-facto-Regime classified UN document written in 2003 which documented crimes. Rights Watch have raised questions about the validity of at least some of those who remained are unaccounted and! The assimilation of Albanians increased from 75 % to over 90 % most noticeable topographical features, Milošević! Except for its size by climate along with geology and hydrology renamed the Autonomous province of the minority... Target practice, not war province created in 1864 was annexed by the 13th and 14th centuries that represent Heritage! Sie unsere fortlaufend aktualisierten Informationen zu Situation in Kosovo. [ 252 ] central Powers out of for. Medal and Loriana Kuka a Bronze medal in an election in which only Kosovo Albanians had cause!

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